Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, also called EMDR, is described as a psychotherapy approach that is typically used for the treatment of trauma, but has also been proven through research to help in a number of other types of services we provide at Hilltop Counseling. EMDR is recognized as a set of eight phases that incorporates elements from all different treatment approaches. These eight stages include history and treatment planning, preparation, assessment, desensitization, installation, body scan, closure, and reevaluation. EMDR helps clients process the experiences that are causing the issues, and include new ones that would lead to healthy behaviors and interactions. There is no set schedule for how long treatment lasts, because everything depends on the history of the client. It is also important to remember every individual has different needs and EMDR treatment may be successful more quickly with some over others.
The family systems theory is unique in that this particular theory focuses on more than one individual when it comes to counseling, because the belief is that individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, but rather be looked at as part of their family in an emotional unit. This theory, introduced by Dr. Murray Bowen, is a form of psychotherapy as well that involves all members from a nuclear or extended family. The focus of this type of therapy includes emphasizing relationships and communication instead of focusing on individual members. Family therapy can help families who are struggling to work as a unit or help other family members understand a relative’s disorder and how to adjust to the possible psychological changes. This type of therapy is also known to help families with problems across generational boundaries, families that deviate from social norms, families who are scapegoating a member or undermining the treatment of a member of individual therapy, or even blended families with adjustment difficulties.
Developed by Carl Rodgers in the 1940s and 1950s, Person-centered therapy (PCT) is a form of talk psychotherapy. This humanistic type of therapy differs from the behavioral psychologists in that there is a strong belief that psychologist should be warm, genuine, and understanding. This theory has a central notion of self-concept, which is defined as the organized, consistent set of perceptions and beliefs about oneself.
Choice therapy appears to have some similarities with person-centered therapy, but ultimately is different. Choice theory has what is called the seven caring habits and the seven deadly habits and states that being disconnected is the source for almost all problems. This theory also includes the idea that total behavior is made up of four components: acting, thinking, feeling, and physiology. All total behavior is chosen, but we only have direct control over the acting and thinking components. We can only control our feeling and physiology indirectly through how we choose to act and think is just one of the concepts listed under the ten axioms of choice theory. This theory was developed by William Glasser, who is the author of the book on choice theory, and shares information gathered over a period of 50 years.
Sand tray, also known as sand play, is a form of play therapy that focuses on hands on psychological work. The psychological definition, according to the Jung Institute of Los Angeles, it is a powerful therapeutic technique that facilitates the psyche’ natural capacity for healing. In a “free and protected” space provided by the analyst, a client creates a concrete manifestation of his or her imaginable world using sand, water, and miniature objects. This type of therapy can be helpful with both children and adults.